Archive for the ‘zust जमर्को’ Category

In an attempt to curb the rise in teenage pregnancy and sexually transmitted diseases, schools across the country have implemented sex education programs. The curricula these courses employ are designed to provide instruction in “safe sex” procedures to protect teens from transmission of HIV/AIDS.
 
Asked whether they are concerned about contracting HIV, most teens feel they are protected through use of a condom.
 
But just how safe is “safe”?
 
In-use failure rates
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साथीसँग मनका कुरा

an article of nepaltimes

Most Nepali teenagers turn to friends rather than family members or teachers to talk about their private problems and share innermost thoughts. Parents are too squeamish to talk about sex, teachers are bound by taboos, and Nepali youngsters have nowhere to turn to except their peers.

More than 80 percent of the teenagers in the nationwide survey conducted by UNICEF last year said they turned to their friends when they needed information on sexual matters. Only 10 percent approached their teachers, 10 percent of the girls said they talked to their sisters about these things. Parents came way down in the list: only 3.5 percent talked to their mothers, and even fewer, 1.4 percent asked their dads.

The survey showed teenagers worry mainly about having enough money, about their education, about getting a job, and they have lots of questions about love and marriage. Respondents in the survey were boys and girls between 12-18 years, and 22 percent of boys had already had sex, half of them with multiple partners. Only nine percent of the girls had sex, and among them 14 percent had got pregnant. The teenagers all had questions about sex and marriage, about sexually-transmitted diseases, about pregnancy, mastrubation and homosexuality. But they did not have a reliable and responsible source of information.Now they do. Nepali teenagers have the one-hour radio programme, Sathi Sanga Man Ka Kura (Intimate conversation with friends) which is broadcast weekly on Radio Nepal and seven urban FM stations around the country and is already a runaway success. An indication of the popularity and success of the programme is the deluge of letters the production team gets from all over Nepal.

Sathi is produced for a target audience of teenagers, but there are queries from young adults and even 30-something women and men. Barely ten months after starting, Sathi is already getting 200 letters and emails every week, and the questions range form marriage, careers, friendship, pregnancy, extra-marital sex, and even incest and rape. Listeners in remote corners of Nepal have formed over 100 “listeners clubs” where youngsters gather around their shortwave radio sets on Saturdays at 3:30 PM to listen to the programme which carries an entertaining but informative radio drama, songs, and a half-hour letter answering session.“Nepali youth are never encouraged to talk about sex, and they have little access to information. They worry, and have no one to turn to, ” says 24-year-old Sushma Shrestha, the leader of the Sathi production team. The audience is encouraged to write about problems, which are discussed on air in the hope that it will benefit others with the same problems. Since the identities of the letter writers are protected, they find it easy to share secrets with Sushma’s team which also includes Bhaskar Gyawali, Toya Ghimire, Sangita Budathoki, Devendra Shrestha and Bineeta Shrestha.

The production team meets at its office in Pulchowk every week to wade through hundreds of letters, mostly written in pages torn out of exercise books, picking out the most relevant ones which would benefit the maximum numbers of listeners with similar problems. The studio work is done at Radio Nepal which has a separate team to produce the radio dramas.
Last week, Bhaskar, Toya, Sangita and Sushma sat around the table, taking turns reading their choice of letters to the others. They ranged from a cry of help from a 21-year-old woman who had kept the secret of being raped by a relative when she was ten, and had finally mustered the courage to write to Sathi. She wants to know whether she should tell her husband if she gets married. (The team first commended her on her inner strength and moral courage, then weighed her pros and cons of telling her future husband, asking her to be careful about the unpredictable consequences on the male ego.)There was a letter from a 19-year-old college student from Syangja with the familiar problem of not wanting to get married to a boy the parents had chosen for her. She writes that she is not ready to get married, and asks for advice on how she should tackle her parents. (Sathi’s advice: she needs to try to convince her parents that she is not yet ready to get married, but she also needs to understand why her parents are in such a hurry and develop her own counter-arguments.)

The production team discusses each problem in detail, trying to come up with the most helpful, most appropriate answers, and options least likely to exacerbate problems for the letter writer. All those around the table agree on the answers, list the points that have to be made. They try not to be prescriptive, or offer specific suggestions. More often than not, the answers try to tell letter writers to analyse their own feelings, look into the consequences of their actions, try to solve problems and not be rash or vengeful—all advice that would also apply to the daily dilemmas of thousands of other listeners all over Nepal.

When a particularly poignant letter is read out, team members look downcast and shake their heads. There is a long silence before the suggestions start coming in to help someone turn their life around. There is an attempt not to get too emotionally involved with the problems of letter-writers, to be rational and cool-headed. Which is also their advice: to find empathy, to exhort youngsters to be strong, self-confident and mature, to analyse a problem and think ahead to see if the solution is fair to all concerned, confront the real issue, don’t shy away from a tough decision, be self-critical, talk things over with parents, try to understand why others act the way they do.

The sessions are intense, the team members let off steam by cracking jokes and laugh at some of their own problems. The team gets help from life-skills experts from UNICEF who help co-produce the program. “It’s a program for young people produced by young people,” says Toya, who at 27 is the oldest of the producers. “You really need to be a teenager to retain their interest on the program, and although I am already in my twenties, I am spiritually the youngest of member of this group.”

It is not only the radio listeners who are relearning truths about sex. The member of the production team of Sathi have themselves come face-to-face with society’s hypocrisies and double standards. They were shocked, for instance, too see how much issues like homosexuality, are swept under the carpet, and how prevalent incest actually is in our society.

But the team has to tread a fine line. State-owned Radio Nepal has its own norms that it can’t overstep. The programme is a complete departure from the usual fare on Radio Nepal.

“From the feedback there is tremendous and unprecedented response,” says Rajendra Sharma of Radio Nepal. “We are not censoring content, it’s not what we say but how we say it. The content should not be overtly vulgar, otherwise we have no objection to sober analysis of even issues like masturbation or homosexuality.”
Says one of the producers, Sangita Budathoki: “Before we started Saathi, I never imagined Nepalis had sex at such a young age. This means they are vulnerable because of the dangers of unprotected sex.” There are more than 33,500 Nepalis who have HIV, and AIDS is going to be the number one killer of Nepalis in the 15-49 age group by the year 2010.

Nearly 60 percent of people with HIV are under 30 and nearly 10 percent adolescents. A Family Health International (FHI) study conducted among 800 youths reveals more than 71 percent of them had their first sexual encounters before age of 19. Despite awareness of condom use and safe sex practices, Nepali youths are still having unprotected sex, according to the FHI survey.

“Nepali youth are concerned and alert, they want to achieve something in life, but they don’t have too many people to counsel them or give them guidance on personal, private matters. They are confused and frustrated, and turn to drugs and unprotected sex,” explains Bhaskar.

It is the dramatic rise in injecting drug use in urban centres and its combination with unprotected sex that is most worrying. One recent survey puts the number at anywhere up to 60,000 and they are in the 16-25 age bracket. More than half of them are already HIV positive, and many of those have multiple sex partners. This almost guarantees the spread of HIV and infections like Hepatitis B into the general population.

“Communications is the first line of defence,” says UNICEF’s Wing Sie Cheng, who oversees the Saathi project. “Our objective is to teach Nepali youth about life skills, the set of core abilities that enable young people deal with the demands and challenges of everyday life.” UNICEF identifies ten interdependent skills like self-awareness, communication, interpersonal relationships, decision making and problem solving as the life skills. The survey of teenagers showed that more than 90 percent of Nepali teenagers had a clear goal in life, and they could articulate their biggest worries and fears.
Sathi Sanga Man Ka Kura is broadcast every Saturday 3:30-4:30 PM on Radio Nepal national network on medium wave and shortwave. It is rebroadcast during the week on the following FM stations: HBC 94 FM Kathmandu, Hits FM 92.1 Kathmandu, Classic FM 100 Kathmandu, Kosi FM 93.4 in Biratnagar, Lumbini FM 96.8 in Butwal, Annapurna FM 93.4 Pokhara, and Swargadwari FM 102.8 in Dang.

By teaching life skills as a generic everyday ability, Cheng says listeners will be groomed to be emotionally independent, confident and able to tackle other problems in life.

“These are learnable skills, and these skills make huge differences on how you perceive yourself and your attitude towards life,” says Bineeta Shrestha, who says producing Sathi has helped her become more focused and less confused about her own priorities. Bhaskar says he learnt to cope with his emotions, Sangita says she learnt self-awareness and gained decision making abilities, while Toya thinks he’s more positive about life and now realises that sharing problems with others can help find a better solution.

Says Cheng: “In a very short time, Sathi has become one of the most popular youth programmes on radio, we hope to build on this.” A television version of the programme, called “Catmandu” and broadcast every Saturday on Nepal TV has also been launched. This Nepali edu-tainment by radio is unique even by international standards, and is already being talked about as an initiative comparable to South African television’s highly-rated Soul City. In future, Sathi Sanga Man Ka Kura hopes to be even more interactive and more responsive to more listeners also in rural areas.

author : sangesh
If we see some 50 years ago pictures of Kathmandu Valley then it is really different then what we see now. The houses in traditional Nepali style and the houses near new road were with British style. There was a fusion in architecture of Nepali and British.

When Kathmandu was introduced with concrete, the architecture from traditional one started to change into ugly modern looking style, Kathmandu now completely turned into concrete city. People started building houses in random order without any study about future, it’s effect in future and planing. This is one of the reason we are facing traffic jam, not good sanitation and drinking water supply now.What kind of people were there at the administrative level of the government at that time who’s decision almost made the vanishing-point of our traditional architect.

These architect are just alive as temples and old durbar now.But I think there are still people alive who love old and traditional architect. You can see the example at Makhan next to Suraj arcade or Dragon house. See the new building next to it. You will hardly say it is a new building, but the truth is that it is a new building.I salute the owner of the house for preserving the history. At least it will give some hints how Kathmandu and the surrounding of Durbar Square used look like few decade ago.

I hope we Nepali people love our traditional architecture and with the fusion with new technology they will preserve our tradition and will start building such house which reflect history.This dose not means I am against the new style of building houses. See the location I talked about. It is a historical location and it should look like past.In future may be we will be able to make world’s tallest skyscraper, but let’s not make it at historical place but somewhere far whichdoes not affect the historical identity and give itself new identity of modernization.

some other pictures too…

The real picture of Maoist in Nepal

I just found this circulating over the internet and couldn’t resist myself posting here since it shows the real face of maoist of Nepal like the grasshopper of this story.

The story in OLD VERSION
The ant works hard in the scorching heat all summer building his house and laying up supplies for the winter.The grasshopper thinks the ant’s a fool and laughs & dances & plays the summer away.Come winter, the ant is warm and well fed. The grasshopper has no food or shelter so he dies out in the cold.
Now the story in MODERN VERSION
The ant works hard in the scorching heat all summer, building his house and laying up supplies for the winter. The grasshopper thinks the ant’s a fool and laughs & dances & plays the summer away.
Come winter, the shivering grasshopper calls a press conference and demands to know why the ant should be allowed to be warm and well fed while others are cold and starving and calls for a Nepal Bandh with “chakka Jaam” and lots of “tyre burning” to protest this ‘Soshan’.Kantipur TV, Image TV and Nepal 1 TV show up to provide pictures of the shivering grasshopper next to a video of the ant in his comfortable home with a table filled with food. The nation is stunned by the sharp contrast. How can this be that this poor grasshopper is allowed to suffer so much?
The great Civil Society of Nepal steps in and stages a demonstration in front of the ant’s house and a concerned group goes on a fast along with other grasshoppers demanding that grasshoppers be relocated to warmer climates during winter.Amnesty International and Ban Ki Moon, the eighth Secretary General of the UN, criticizes the Nepal Government for not upholding the fundamental rights of the grasshopper.
The Internet is flooded with online petitions seeking support to the grasshopper many promising Heaven and Everlasting Peace for prompt support to poor grasshoppers.Immediately laws are tabled to prevent Ants from working hard in the heat so as to bring about equality of poverty among ants and grasshoppers.Finally, the Judicial Committee drafts the “Prevention of Terrorism Against Grasshoppers Act [POTAGA]”, with effect from the beginning of the winter.
The ant is fined for failing to comply with POTAGA and, having nothing left to pay his retroactive taxes, his home is confiscated by the Nepal Government and handed over to the grasshopper in a ceremony covered by all TV and media.Everyone hails it as “a triumph of justice and revolutionary resurgence of the downtrodden”. Ban Ki Moon invites the grasshopper to address the UN General Assembly.End of the story of great justice done to the Grasshopper.
 src: safal

This is for all of the people who order chicken from a Chinese restaurant…
Be careful !!……It may LOOK like chicken but is it REALLY chicken ??

RATS
BURNING THE HAIR OFF THEM WASHING THEM BEFORE COOKING CUTTING THEM UP INTO PIECES THAT SIMULATE CHICKEN PARTS
PREPARED FOR DEEP FRYING


imgsrc: aakar

PageRank (PR) is a trademark of the search engine Google. Basically, PageRank is an algorithm or formula that calculates the importance of a webpage based on the number of links linking to the page, and the PageRank of the linking pages themselves. The Google PageRank is based on a scale of 0 to 10. It is based on logarithmic scale – which means that getting higher PageRank needs significantly large number of backlinks (that is, pages linking to your page). Assuming 10 as the base of the logarithmic scale, you can get PageRank of 1 from 1 backlink, PageRank of 2 from 10 backlinks, PageRank of 3 from 100 backlinks and so on. So you will need 1,000,000,000 backlinks to get a PageRank 10. In practice however, the base is less than 10, and there are other factors too, so you won’t need that many links. Some sites with PageRank perfect 10 are such as the home page of Google.com and Adobe.com

Mathematically, PageRank is an iterative or repeated process which determines the final PageRank. Also PageRank is updated continuously by Google so your PageRank of your webpage will change over time.

Let’s look at some myths and truths about PageRank.
  • My website has PageRank 0, I will never get high rank in Google or Yahoo!

That is so wrong. PageRank is NOT the same as search ranking. Your website can rank on the top in search ranking for a search term but still have a PageRank 0. Getting a high PageRank does mean that your site has many backlinks, or that your site is considered important, but it doesn’t mean your site will rank well for your target keyword. Sites with good content will have good results in search engines irrespective of the PageRank.
In fact the PageRank doesn’t take in account of the keywords at all – it just makes calculation based on the number of backlinks and the PageRank of the backlinks. While PageRank is one of the factors used to determine the search results in Google, it is not the only one. You should be worried if your site is not listed at all, not if you don’t have high PageRank.
Also, except Google, other search engines don’t understand PageRank at all.
  • But it says page rank! isn’t it the same as website rank? 
Not really. Like said, it is a process of calculating importance of a page based on the number of backlinks or so called the “votes” for a page. Whereas ranking on the website is about being seen in search engines when someone searches for search terms (known as keywords). If you have a website related to selling coins, you want your site to appear on top when someone searches for “old coins”, or “buy coins”. As long as that happens, getting higher PageRank is a secondary subject.
It would be worth noting that PageRank was so termed because it was initiated by one of the founders of the Google – Larry Page. It could so easily have been termed LarryRank!
  • Isn’t PageRank same for all pages in my site?
No. PageRank is based on calculation of value of each page in the world wide web. It is perfectly normal to have different PageRank for different page within the same site. In fact that is how PageRank works.
It is the part of the webmaster or the SEO analyst to organize the pages in the website to get the best results.
  • My Google toolbar shows a different PageRank!
Google toolbar shows an old value of PageRank rather than the live value. You might want to check PageRank in sites such as http://www.prchecker.info/check_page_rank.php or http://livepr.ezer.com/ to find your current PageRank.
Also it should be noted that Google shows PageRank from the closest datacenter (server). So if you are checking PageRank from Germany, it may not be same as that from USA or Nepal. You can have different PageRank from different datacenter.
  • Can I increase my PageRank? How?


Of course you can! Since PageRank depends upon backlinks, the only way is to increase number of backlinks.

For that all you need to do is write good/useful content or articles and promote them. Organize your website. Get good traffic into your site. Submit to search engines and directories. Use social networking sites to spread words about your articles. As other site find your site useful and link to your site, you will get better PageRank. You can use link exchange with other related sites. But never use link reciprocals to get cheap or spam links to your site.
  • Will my PageRank decrease when I link to other site?

Your site’s PageRank will not decrease directly by linking to other site. PageRank depends on backlinks and their PageRank. The outgoing links in your site don’t affect PageRank of your site. It is the incoming links or the links to your site that contribute to your PageRank, not the outgoing.
As far as incoming links are concerned, internal linking to your own site also contribute to your site’s PageRank. So you have to understand how to build and organize your internal linking well.
However, if you are linking to bad sites on bad purpose, you will be kicked out of the search engines altogether sooner or later. So if you have a good site, don’t link to bad sites and check that you don’t get linked from bad sites either.
  • What about PigeonRank? Is it important too?
Ok. This isn’t a myth really. Just that Google comes up with something to fool their users every now and then during April Fool’s day. On April 1st 2002, Google came up with this wacky idea called PigeonRank™ that was supposed to be the heart of Google’s fast search algorithm!

The bottom line is that PageRank is a methood developed by Google that ranks a webpage based on the number of backlinks it has got. Getting high PageRank is very desirable for getting popularity, but it is not enough to ensure that your website will get listed or rank well for given keyword.

datasrc : nepalsites

Who am I ?

Posted: February 23, 2008 in zust जमर्को

म के ??? – पहाडी कि मधेशी !!!!

The current situation bound me to think ‘who am I ?’. My parents climbed down from Mountain to Terai in the dream of getting something. I got birth here in Terai. No, I am not saying Terai as Madhesh. I don’t know am I true or not, but the Madhesh word gives me the smell of India while Terai seems of ours.

Who am I ? A pahadiya, Madhesi, Nepali or an Indian ? Due to my parent’s birth, am I a Pahadiya or as I borned here, so Madhesi ? Even though living in Nepal, I am not feeling myself as a Nepali, Is that mean am I an Indian ? I may be an Indian(very hurted to think this), as in each and every point Nepal do talk to Indian leaders to know what to do and what not to do. Nepal will be paralysed if India leaves it’s support. This is the biggest unfortune of Nepal and Nepali. I need my identity. Then, who am I ?

In mountain Limbuwan, Khumbuwan are crying and in Terai Madheshi, Tharuwan are agitating , meanwhile in valley(ktm) Newar are violating to separate their lands with self decision control. If that happend then which one will my place ? or will I be a refugee ???

If I became a refugee, then who would take that responsibility ?

Seven party, Maoist, King or Agitating Groups

If I were, then I would blame Maoist for my condition because to change someone, something is required to be changed and that something mean system while Maoists are deterioating it in the name of making good.
६२-६३ को जनआन्दोलन-२ मा घाइते बालक

Biratnagar is facing regular band(closing) due to agitation of Madhesi community. Recently curfew encountered with the citizens of Biratnagar. In spite of their bound to do work, they were compelled to chat about current condition in chowk as there was no any alternative in curfew.

Some were blaming Maoists to scatter the seed of self decision power concept with caste, ethinicity difference subject while some were cursing King not to handle properly his rulling. Alliances, Madhesi even Human Right Organization became the subject of their.

This I, found intresting to listen their opinion (Tarka, Bitarka) having different view from each other.

One : Girija is playing a good play, He used Mahant Thakur to solve all these problems. Mahant Thakur with his party is the concept of Girija. In tomorrow, Mahant Thakur will handover the key by accumulating and locking all problems in one room.

जनआन्दोलन-२ मा यत्रतत्र छरिएका आन्दोलनकारीका चप्पलहरु

Two : In the same way Bhutan had done, the people borned in Madhesh will be allowed to live here and the rest (those who were climbed down from mountain) will be chased away. Later the remaining pahadiya will also be chased to capture the whole land by them.

Three : Who gave Madhesi to speak in that way ? It would be right if local ethinic group including Tharu, Satar etc. agitated demanding genuine right. This recent violating group are not locals, these are migrated Indians.

Four : The whole stuff got disturbed due to the unsystematic provision of citizenship. Indians took advantage of it.